Social Identity Theory

Faraz Saberi
조회수 279

Henri Tajfel was a social psychologist who developed the social identity theory. This theory explains how individuals develop their self-concept and how their social identity affects their behavior towards other groups. According to Tajfel, an individual's social identity is based on their membership in a social group, which can be defined by various characteristics such as race, religion, ethnicity, gender, nationality, and more.

The social identity theory suggests that people tend to categorize themselves and others into different social groups. They tend to favor their own group and discriminate against other groups. Tajfel argued that this in-group bias is a natural psychological tendency and that it can lead to prejudice and discrimination.

Tajfel's theory also emphasizes that social identity is not just an individual's perception of themselves, but it is also influenced by the social context and the societal norms and values. For example, someone who identifies as a member of a particular political party will behave differently in a group of fellow party members than they would in a group of members from a different political party.

The social identity theory proposes that people try to enhance their self-esteem by identifying with positive aspects of their in-group and derogating the out-group. This can lead to conflict between different groups, especially when resources are limited, and competition is high.

The social identity theory has been applied to many different areas of psychology, including intergroup conflict, prejudice, discrimination, and social influence. It has also been used to explain the formation of stereotypes and the impact of social influence on behavior.

In summary, Tajfel's social identity theory provides a framework for understanding how social groups shape our identity and behavior. By recognizing the impact of social identity, we can better understand the roots of prejudice, discrimination, and intergroup conflict through history.

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