Fragmentation in Literature

Faraz Saberi
2023-05-01
조회수 444


Fragmentation in literature is a literary technique that involves breaking up narrative structure, language, or characters into smaller, disconnected parts. This technique can create a sense of uncertainty, disorientation, and confusion, reflecting the fragmented and disjointed nature of modern life.

One of the earliest examples of fragmentation in literature can be found in the works of the modernist writers of the early 20th century, such as T.S. Eliot and James Joyce. In their writing, they used techniques such as stream of consciousness, disjointed narrative structure, and the use of multiple narrators to reflect the fragmented nature of modern life.

The use of fragmentation continued into the postmodern era of literature, where writers like William Burroughs, Thomas Pynchon, and Don DeLillo further developed and expanded the use of fragmented narratives. They used techniques such as nonlinear storytelling, metafiction, and intertextuality to create a sense of disorientation and a challenge to traditional narrative structures.

Fragmentation in literature can also be seen as a response to the fragmentation and uncertainty of the modern world. The rise of technology, globalization, and mass media has created a sense of dislocation and loss of identity. Fragmentation in literature can be seen as a way of exploring and reflecting on this experience.

While fragmentation can make literature challenging to read and understand, it can also be a powerful tool for conveying complex emotions and ideas. By breaking down traditional narrative structures and exploring the disjointed nature of modern life, writers can create works that challenge and engage readers in new ways.


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