Speaking French in England

Faraz Saberi
조회수 187

French has a long and fascinating history in England, dating back to the Norman Conquest of 1066. Following William the Conqueror's victory at the Battle of Hastings, the Normans brought their language and culture with them to England. For the next few centuries, French became the language of the ruling class, and it was used in official documents, courts, and polite society.

William the Conqueror, who was originally from Normandy in modern-day France, was fluent in French and made it the language of the English court. French quickly became the language of the elite, and it remained so for several centuries. The nobility, who were descendants of the Norman conquerors, spoke French as their first language and often did not learn English until later in life.

During this time, French loanwords began to appear in the English language. Many of these words were related to law, government, and administration, as these were areas where French was commonly used. For example, the words "parliament" and "jury" both come from French.

French also had a significant impact on English manners and social norms. The French had a highly developed courtly culture, and their influence can be seen in English chivalric literature of the time. French customs, such as bowing and curtsying, were adopted by the English aristocracy as a way of displaying good manners and breeding.

The use of French in polite society continued into the 18th and 19th centuries, even as English became the dominant language in England. French was still considered the language of diplomacy and was used in international relations, as well as in the arts and fashion.

The use of French in English has had a lasting impact on the English language. Today, many English words and phrases are derived from French, and French remains an important language in diplomacy and international relations.

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